1898 Wilmington Race Riot Bibliography
Compiled by LeRae Umfleet
North Carolina Office of Archives and History
Secondary Sources ||
Published Contemporary Sources ||
Local Government RecordsN.C. State Archives ||
Federal Government Records ||
State Government Records ||
Manuscript Collections ||
Anderson, Eric. Race and Politics in North Carolina, 1872-1901: The Black Second. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.
Bellamy, John D. Memoirs of an Octogenarian. Charlotte: Observer Printing House, 1942.
Cecelski, David S. and Timothy B. Tyson, eds. Democracy Betrayed: The Wilmington Race Riot and Its Legacy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
H. Leon Prather, Sr., "We Have Taken a City: A Centennial Essay," 15-41.
Connor, R.D.W. The Life and Speeches of Charles Brantley Aycock. Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday, Page & Co., 1912.
Glenda E. Gilmore, "Murder, Memory and the Flight of the Incubus," 73-93.
Stephen Kantrowitz, "The Two Faces of Domination in North Carolina, 1800-1898," 95-111.
Laura F. Edwards, "Captives of Wilmington: The Riot and Historical Memories of Political Conflict, 1865-1898," 113-141.
LeeAnn Whites, "Love, Hate, Rape, Lynching: Rebecca Latimer Felton and the Gender Politics of Racial Violence," 143-162.
Michael Honey, "Class, Race, and Power in the New South: Racial Violence and the Delusions of White Supremacy," 163-184.
Raymond Gavins, "Fear, Hope, and Struggle: Recasting Black North Carolina in the Age of Jim Crow," 185-206.
John Haley, "Race Rhetoric, and Revolution," 207-224.
Richard Yarborough, "Violence, Manhood, and Black Heroism: The Wilmington Riot in Two Turn-of-the-Century African American Novels," 225-251.
Crow, Jeffrey J. and Robert F. Durden. Maverick Republican in the Old North State: A Political Biography of Daniel L. Russell. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1977.
Dancy, John Campbell. Sand Against the Wind: The Memoirs of John C. Dancy. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1966.
DeRosset, William L. Pictorial and Historical New Hanover County and Wilmington, North Carolina, 1723-1938. Wilmington, N.C., 1938.
Edmonds, Helen G. The Negro and Fusion Politics in North Carolina, 1894-1901. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1951.
Evans, William McKee. Ballots and Fence Rails: Reconstruction on the Lower Cape Fear. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.
Gilmore, Glenda E. Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
Godwin, John L. Black Wilmington and the North Carolina Way: Portrait of a Community in the Era of Civil Rights Protest. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 2000.
Greenwood, Janette T. Bittersweet Legacy: the Black and White "Better Classes" in Charlotte, 1850-1910. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
Hamilton, Joseph G. de Roulhac. Reconstruction in North Carolina.
Hayden, Harry. Story of the Wilmington Rebellion. Wilmington, N.C.: Harry Haden, 1936.
Kenzer, Robert C. Enterprising Southerners: Black Economic Success in North Carolina, 1865 - 1915. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997.
Kousser, J. Morgan. The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restrictions and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974.
Kirchenbaum, Andrea Meryl. "'The Vampire That Hovers Over North Carolina': Gender, White Supremacy, and the Wilmington Race Riot of 1898." Southern Cultures 4, no. 3 (1998): 6-30.
McLaurin, Melton. "Commemorating Wilmington's Racial Violence of 1898: From Individual to Collective Memory." Southern Cultures 6, no. 4 (2000): 35-57.
Nash, June. "The Cost of Violence." Journal of Black Studies 4 (1973): 153-184.
Prather, H. Leon, Sr. We Have Taken a City: Wilmington Racial Massacre and Coup of 1898. Cranbury, N.J.: Associated University Press, Inc., 1984. Reprint. Wilmington, N.C.: Nu World Enterprises, 1998.
"Race Riot of 1898." North Carolina Literary Review 2 (Spring 1994): 69-118.
Bennett L. Steelman, "Black, White, and Gray: The Wilmington Race Riot in Fact and Legend," 70-82.
Philip Gerrad, "Cape Fear Rising" [an excerpt], 83-86.
Glenda E. Gilmore, "One of the Meanest Books: Thomas Dixon, Jr. and The Leopard's Spots," 87-101.
James T. Rostar, "Walter Hines Page: Editor, Publisher, and Enlightened Reformer," 102-107.
Joyce Pettis, "The Marrow of Tradition: Charles Chestnutt's Novel of the South," 108-118.
Reaves, William M. "Strength Through Struggle: The Chronological and Historical Record of the African-American Community in Wilmington, 1865-1950. Edited by Beverly Tetterton. Wilmington, N.C.: New Hanover County Library, 1998.
Shapiro, Herbert. White Violence and Black Response, from Reconstruction to Montgomery. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.
Sprunt, James. Chronicles of the Cape Fear River, 1660-1916. Raleigh: Edwards & Broughton Printing Co., 1916.
Williamson, Joel. The Crucible of Race: Black-White Relations in the American South Since Emancipation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Cody, Sue Ann. "After the Storm: Racial Violence in Wilmington, North Carolina and Its Consequences for African Americans." Master's thesis, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, 2000.
Glancy, Michael L. "The Wilmington Riot of November 10, 1898." Research report, University of North Carolina at Wilmington Multiple Abilities Program, 1973.
Hayden, Harry. "History of the Wilmington Light Infantry." Unpublished Manuscript held at the New Hanover Public Library.
Higuchi, Hayumi. "White Supremacy on the Cape Fear: The Wilmington Affair of 1898." Master's thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1980.
Kirshenbaum, Andrea M. "Race, Gender, and Riot: The Wilmington Race Riot of 1898." Honors essay, Duke University, 1996.
Kraft, Andrew C. "Wilmington's Political-Racial Revoluton of 1898: A Geographical and Cartographic Analysis of the Wilmington North Carolina Race Riot." Honors Paper, University of North Carolina at Wilmington, 1993.
McDuffie, Jerome, A. "Politics in Wilmington and New Hanover County, North Carolina, 1865-1900: The Genesis of a Race Riot." 2 vols. Ph.D dissertation, Kent State University, 1979.
Branson's North Carolina Business Directory, 1897. Raleigh, N.C.: Levi Branson, 1897.
Wilmington, N.C., City Directory, 1897. Richmond, Va.: J. L. Hill Printing Co., 1897
Wilmington, N.C., City Directory, 1900. Richmond, Va.: J. L. Hill Printing Co., 1899
The next directory for Wilmington was this 1900 volume.
Published Comtemporary Sources
Kirk, J. Allen. Statement of the Facts Concerning the Bloody Riot in Wilmington, N.C., of Interest to Every Citizen in the United States. Wilmington, N.C.?: J. Allen Kirk?, 1898?
Local Government Records, North Carolina State Archives
New Hanover County
Circuit Criminal Court/Eastern District Criminal Court Minutes, 1895-1901
Superior Court Minutes, 1806-1910
County Commissioners Minutes, 1887-1918
Incorporations, 1879-1906 (broken series in storage boxes) & 1885-1904 (two volumes on microfilm)
Land Records (microfilm)
Index to Real Estate Conveyances, Grantor, 1729-1954
Index to Real Estate Conveyances, Grantee, 1729-1954
Tax Records, 1779-1909
Tax Lists (microfilm), 1856-1900
Town of Wilmington
Town Council Minutes (microfilm), 1883-1911
Federal Government Records
Compendium of US Census: 1880, 1890, 1900, 1910.
Papers of President McKinley
Population Census (microfilm), 1880 and 1900 (1890 census was destroyed by fire.)
US Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. "Negro Population, 1790-1915."
State Government Records
Office of the Adjutant General
Adjutant General's correspondence file, 1771-1984
Office of the Governor, Daniel L. Russell, 1897-1901
Letters and papers, 1897-1901
Letter books, 1897-1901
Association of the Wilmington Light Infantry Papers. UNC-CH
John D. Bellamy Papers, UNC-CH.
Col. Thomas Clawson Papers, UNC-CH and Duke.
Henry G. Connors Papers, UNC-CH.
Cronly Family Papers, Duke University.
Duggan-Pritchard-Taylor Papers. Wake Forest University.
Michael Glancy Collection. UNC-W, Randall Library.
John Steele Henderson Papers, UNC-CH, Southern Historical Collection
McDonald-Howe Family Papers. UNC-W, Randall Library
Alex Manly Papers, ECU.
William B. McKoy Papers. Lower Cape Fear Historical Society Archives, Wilmington, NC.
Meares and DeRosset Family Papers, UNC-CH, Southern Historical Collection
Elizabeth Moore Collection. NC State Archives
Louis T. Moore Collection NC State Archives
Mrs. Roger Moore Letter, UNC-W, Randall Library
Murphy Papers. Duke University.
Edward A. Oldham Papers. Duke University.
Edmund Smithwick and Family Papers, NC State Archives
Alfred Waddell Papers, UNC-CH
Wootten Collection, UNC-W, Randall Library
Thomas, Shaun. For the Record: Representations of the Wilmington Massacre of 1898.
Corporation for Public Broadcasting. The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow: Atlanta 1906: A Race Riot.
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